Diabetes Mellitus (often referred to simply as diabetes), is a syndrome of disordered metabolism usually due to a combination of hereditary and environmental causes. This results in abnormalities in blood sugar levels which are normally controlled by a complex interaction of multiple chemicals and hormones in the body, including the hormone insulin which is made in the pancreas. Diabetes Mellitus refers to the group of diseases that lead to high blood glucose levels due to defects in either insulin secretion or insulin action in the body.
Broadly speaking there are two types of diabetes which are either due to a diminished production of insulin (Type 1) or resistance to its effects (Type 2 or maturity onset). Type 2 Diabetes is also associated with gestational diabetes of pregnancy. Uncontrolled high blood sugar causes the acute signs of diabetes (excessive urine production, compensatory thirst and increased fluid intake, blurred vision, unexplained weight loss, lethargy, and changes in energy metabolism).
Diabetes has been treatable since insulin became medically available in 1921, but there is no cure. Insulin injections remain the basic treatment of type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes tends to be managed using a combination of dietary treatment, exercise, medications and insulin supplementation.
Adequate treatment of diabetes, as well as increased awareness of blood pressure control and lifestyle factors (such as not smoking and maintaining a healthy body weight), may improve the risk profile of most of the chronic complications.
Services provided include:
- Baseline assessment of disease status and current medications
- Dietary and lifestyle planning and monitoring
- Regular insulin and glycaemic control monitoring and treatment
- Eye and renal checks
- Management of disease complications